The announcement of telangana by Congress is one of the turning points in the history of india. Because it has shook the very fundamentals of current indian geo-political perspective. In this independance day, lets review the past history of our india, to understand this issue.
Modern India States are Colonial:
The demarcation of current states are purely colonial. The british first started their trade in Bombay, Madras and Calcutta, and later on when they started colonising, they created provinces based on these three centers – The Bombay Province, the Madras Province and the Bengal Province. This division was mainly based on their administrative & Economic control and NOT on nature of the region or the society or history.
However, the diverse decentralised society of our bharath was organised based on the pre-british native administrative system that was based on the ancient 56 dhesams of bharatha varsham. Even during muslim invasion, this native administrative system was not altered or destroyed.(because, they did not have any alternative models).
In 1947, when India got the supposed Independance, the same Colonial State structure was retained (including colonial administrative bureaucracy). So in reality, the traditional bharath was still colonised by the same institutions that british used. The only difference is that it was now headed by western education metro indians.
Later when the Indian Government attempted to re-organise states, it merely divided the madras, bombay and bengal provinces based on language, rather than re-organising based on our societal nature.
So the modern india of today, with its linguistic states is actually a continuation of the colonial structure created by the britishers, and NOT the 5000 year old civilization that we often boast of.
The retaining of Colonial Economic structure:
Economic system and Political system are highly inter-dependant. It is the political and administration system that shapes the economy and the culture of the nation.
The Colonial Beurocratic system was created by britishers, for their own Colonial Economic system. Whereas the Nizam’s hyderabad had a muslim administration and economic system. The pre-muslim native economic system was functioning under this mulsim system.
Till 1947, the british directly controlled only 40% of our country, and in these regions, the colonial economic system was in force. Other regions (60%) were administered by the princely states, had their own societal and economic systems.
After 1947, in the name of Integration, the local administration system of princely states was dismantled and replaced with colonial beurocracy, which promoted corporate economy, which was manned operated by the Metro Indians. (Infact, metros were first created for those who work for British East India Companies and other corporates).
Understanding the Telengana Issue:
The Telengana issue has to be understood from this background. Andhra and Rayalaseema region was part of madras province directly under the control of britishers, administered by colonial beurocracy. Telugu people (mostly telugu brahmins) from Andhra and Seema joined the beurocracy in large numbers (along with those from tamilnadu).
Whereas the people from Telengana was under the Hyderabad State ruled by Nizam, and were part of administration of princely states. So naturally very few people from these region joined the british beurocracy.
At Economic level, the businessmen from Andhra and Seema who established themselves in Colonial Economic system started controlling the economy of the new United Andhra.
At political level, the british introduced alien system of democracy in the Andhra and seema regions, and people of that region had the advantage of early start in establishing political parties. Whereas in hyderabad state, this political model was non-existent.
So when the princely state of hyderabad was dismantled, and integrated with United Andhra, the colonial administration and polity became prominant. As a result, the people of Andhra and seems who were already established in colonial systems, occupied the public space of United Andhra.
The administration of new united Andhra was filled with Telugu IAS Officers of Madras Province. The Businesspeople of Andhra and Seems, who were established in madras province, took over new united Andhra. And Politically the parties started by people of Andhra and Seema dominated the new state.
All these created a situation where telangana was left out in all spheres.
It has to be noted that these westernised elite groups from Andhra and Seema displayed the usual contempt for the rural india, as any metro indian liberal would do. The telangana people were treated as lazy, and their culture was made as comedy piece in the films.
Societal and Cultural destruction caused by Linguistic State:
Andhra was culturally four distinct regions based on ancient dhesams of bharatha varsham.
- Rayala Seema
- Coastal Andhra (called Andhra)
- Uttara Andhra – the part of kalinga dhesam.
Each region have their own culture, which can be followed only if the people are able to live in their own region. But the centralisation of political and administrative power at hyderabad, displaced these people from their region, and made them work in remote places. This has made them unable to follow their culture and socialize with their relations.
The reason is that the buerocrats running the government at Hyderabad have no idea about these social realities, but they are vested with the power to make decision for all these four regions. Hence any development policies planned by these uprooted officers are made ONLY for the benefit of industries and corporates and NOT done keeping the societal realities and comfort of the people. Right from marriage, to village festivals, to death ceremony to many family functions, every social events had been made unfeasible in this new capitalistic system.
Solution – Andhra to be Broken in to Four:
The solution to all these issues is to break Andhra in to four regions as mentioned above.
In the current bifurcation, the telangana region will be One Cultural state, whereas the SeemAndhra will again be combination of other three distinct cultural regions. This will again be unstable and destructive. So it should be further divided in rayalaseema and coastal Andhra, as separate state. (Note: The name Royalaseema was chosen by the people of that region which indicates their distinctness from the Andhra people. )
The uttara Andhra was part of kalinga dhesam whose region extends to southern orissa. The northern part of the orissa is the Oddara Dhesam. So the kalinga region of orissa should be separated and merged with uttara Andhra, and a new kalinga state should be formed.
The people spearheading telangana movement had their own website explaining their reasons for demanding separate state http://www.telangana.com
Will Separate Telengana Solve these issues:
We cannot tell that separate telangana will solve all the issues discussed above. But it will ensure that the domination by Andhra and RayalaSeema people will be stopped, and people of telangana will get the political power to plan for themselves.
Whether they will further exploit their land or preserve their culture cannot be predicted. It depends on how the external forces acting upon them. But whatever happens, it is the telangana people who would be responsible, bcoz it is their region and their society.
Unlike in united Andhra, where there is NO social or cultural connectivity b/w telangana people and those officers running the state, in separate telangana, it would be telangana officers who would be running their administration and hence expected to be aware of social and cultural aspects of the region.
Telengana – The first nail on coffin of Colonial India:
The formation of Telengana would be a historic event for our civilization. It is going to break many of the fundamentals on which the current colonial india has been constructed.
- that india has been the land of invaders.
- that india has been backward, illiterate, and primodial.
- that there is no culture of significance in india.
- that indians do not have the capability to rule themselves.
all the above myths of colonial india had been shattered by Telengana movement. It has proved that telangana is one of the diverse cultures of india with its own history and rulers.
There has been more than 15 demands for new state across india, and all these new states were based upon our historic cultural regions and they re-inforce the same message – that current indian states are artificial and do not represent our original civilization.
The Mythila Society is the continuation of Videha dhesam of King Janaka – a continuation of ramayana civilization. This proves that our culture is NOT recent but very ancient.
Telengana also demolished the myth of linguistic state which is an artificial colonial construct and cannot be a basis for administration.
So in every way, the breaking up of lingustic states would be the end of Colonial India, and resurgence of our ancient cultural dhesams.
Request to Hindu Nationalists and Indian Nationalists:
Many hindutva people and urban indian nationalists are opposing this division of Andhra pradhesh. Their fear is that it would lead to breaking of india. This fear is unwarranted for many reasons.
The current geopolitical perspective of india is a british construct. Whereas, our ancestors had a different perspective. Bharatha Varsham->bharatha Kandam->56 dhesams.
Bharatha varsham is entire south Asia and includes thailand, cambodia, indonesia etc. Bharatha kandam is what Hindu Organisations call the Akhanda Bharath. The 56 dhesams are the rajyams created and built by our kshatriyas from the forest lands.
Which means, we are already united as an akhand bharath, but in a different way. So far, we have failed to recognise this. And the colonial forces had suppressed our original cultural identities through colonial historic narration.
Now there has been a renewed awareness across india, and people of different cultural regions had asserted their historic cultural identity. We have to decide, whether we want to keep existing colonial india or revert to our original civilization.
Let the telangana be the first nail on the coffin of colonial India. Every state formed on cultural regions will be one more nail on it.